Facts About Gum Disease: The Types and Treatment

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Common Gum DiseaseDid you know that 50% of adult Americans aged 30 and up are suffering from gum disease? This fact is according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The same study revealed that a majority of senior Americans has some level of gum disease at 70.1%.

Gum Disease Causes and Risk Factors

Bacteria in plaque are the main reason gum disease develops. When bacteria sit in the mouth for too long, it triggers inflammation of the gums. Dental work such as braces can also cause gum disease.

The common risk factor for gum disease is poor oral hygiene practices. However, genetics, diabetes, smoking, age, and poor nutrition also contribute to the development and progression of gum disease.

Common Types of Gum Disease

  • Gingivitis is the most common type of gum disease, which is characterized by gum inflammation. Inflammation may include red, swollen appearance of the gums and bleeding while brushing.
  • Periodontitis is another type of gum disease, which has the same symptoms as gingivitis. However, periodontitis can lead to jawbone and gum tissue loss.
  • Gum recession is more common in adults. This type of gum disease exposes the tooth root as the gum line moves away from the original position.
  • Gum abscess appears to be a blister which contains pus. Bacterial infection beneath the gum pocket causes the blister.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Healthy gums appear firm, do not bleed, and are coral pink. Red, swollen and sensitive gums and blisters on gums indicate gum disease.

Gum Disease Treatment and Prevention

Proper dental hygiene practices and healthy diet and lifestyle will help avoid gum disease. In Indianapolis, Gentle Dentist and other family dentistry clinics recommend going through a thorough gum exam every year to gauge gum health and to diagnose gum problem if there’s any.

Deep cleaning is the main treatment for gum disease. The dentist will use special tools for cleaning under the gum line. Scaling, which scrapes of tartar along the gum line, may also be done. For gum recession, a gum graft surgery may be required.

Gum disease is a common oral condition that is often overlooked. Gum disease should be addressed right away to avoid complications and even tooth loss.

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