Diabetes: Overview, Cause, Symptoms, and Treatment

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nurse monitoring blood sugar of senior woman with diabetesOne of the chronic diseases that can cause a wide range of complications is diabetes. Being diagnosed with the disease can signal the possibility of life-threatening complications. These include kidney failure, heart attack, blindness, nerve damage, and necrosis, among others. Seeking for diabetes management in Provo is crucial to control the condition and prevent its complications.

What is diabetes, anyway? Diabetes is a condition wherein there is a diminished or lack of production of insulin, a hormone that makes it possible for glucose or sugar to enter the cells. When there is a lack of this hormone, glucose can’t enter the cells, leading to an increase in blood sugar levels.

Cause of Diabetes

Blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin, which is produced and released by the pancreas. During digestion, the food turns into glucose that is needed by the cells for energy. Insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into the different cells.

People with diabetes don’t have the ability to break down glucose into energy due to the lack of insulin. Some people have diminished insulin levels, while others have no insulin at all. When this happens, the blood sugar level rises, leading to various complications.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes are polyuria or urinating more often than usual, polydipsia or too much thirst, and polyphagia or being too hungry all the time. The other signs and symptoms include tiredness, weight loss, and blurry vision.

Diabetes Management

For people with diabetes, the management revolves around controlling the blood sugar levels. In some cases, diet and lifestyle changes alone can reverse the condition. In more serious cases, they need insulin injections to help them manage the disease.

Diabetes is a serious disease. It can lead to various life-threatening complications. Eating a healthy diet and living a healthy lifestyle can help manage the condition.

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